Socialforskningen i Grønland har gennem årtier dokumenteret sociale problemer. Populært sagt har ... Read more
Socialforskningen i Grønland har gennem årtier dokumenteret sociale problemer. Populært sagt har socialforskningen i Grønland indtil for nylig kun bestået af beskrivende, kvantitativ elendighedsforskning. Der eksisterer således (modsat fx socialforskning med canadisk inuit) stort set ikke nogen kvalitativ eller deltagerorienteret forskning om vilkår for indsatser og praksis i forhold til at håndtere de sociale udfordringer. Der har således manglet sociologisk og handlingsorienteret praksisviden, der kan understøtte professionel og organisatorisk kapacitetsopbygning i det socialpolitiske felt. Denne artikel handler om empowerment og aktionsforskning med socialarbejdere i Grønland og bygger på Steven Arnfjords ph.d. projekt fra 2014.
Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands have in common their history as Danish dependencies with ... Read more
Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands have in common their history as Danish dependencies within a historically and geographically coherent region. The complex aftermaths of Denmark’s sovereignty over its North Atlantic territories and their ongoing nation building processes lie at the core of this book. Today, we are witnessing region building processes beyond bilateral links to Denmark. How do the countries position themselves, individually and collectively, vis-à-vis the European metropolitan centres, a larger transcontinental North Atlantic region, the 'hot' Arctic, and global histories of colonialism and decolonisation? By examining the region from cultural, literary, historical, political, anthropological and linguistic perspectives, the articles in this book shed light on Nordic colonialism and its understanding as 'exceptional', and challenge and modify established notions of postcolonialism. Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands are shown to be both the (former) subjects as well as the producers of cultural hierarchisations in an entangled world.
This chapter deals with self-conceptions of exceptionalism in the United States and in Northern E ... Read more
This chapter deals with self-conceptions of exceptionalism in the United States and in Northern Europe. The notion of one nation, one region or one group being exceptional is in conflict with what globalization theory tells us. Due to the global migration of people, goods and ideas, the world is said to become more homogeneous (Appadurai 2008; Comaroff & Comaroff 2012). However, globalization comprises a globalization of risks and conflict, too (Beck 2007). The major crises of our time, which are the subject of this book, serve as examples for this seemingly unstoppable development. As contemporary Western societies are increasingly characterized by crisis and insecurity, there simultaneously seems to emerge a need for highlighting the allegedly unique features of the Self. Phrases like »American Exceptionalism« and »Nordic Exceptionalism« have been frequently applied in the political discourses of the 2000s, and are at the same time subject to a critical negotiation in literature, film and popular culture. In the following, I will investigate, how the American and the Scandinavian self-conceptions of exceptionalism impinge on each other. I will start in America. A satirical television show by American stand-up comedian Wyatt Cenac and Jonathan Franzen’s novel Freedom will serve as examples for contemporary artistic approaches to a certain discursive strategy, which uses images of Scandinavia and especially Sweden as a category of distinction in order to consolidate the libertarian idea of »American Exceptionalism«. The second part of the chapter is about Scandinavian visual arts’ current reevaluation of the narratives, which form the basis for notions of »Nordic Exceptionalism«. Here, I will show how Susanne Bier’s feature films Efter Brylluppet (»After the Wedding«) and Hævnen (»In a Better World«) contribute to the critical negotiation of a Scandinavian self-conception, characterized by altruism and ethical and moral superiority.