Danish count and painter who took part in several major expeditions to Greenland. The first expedition in 1898 brought Moltke to Disko Bay among other locations. Moltke also joined the Danish Literary Greenland Expedition (1902-1904) with Knud Rasmussen and the author Ludvig Mylius-Erichsen.
The expedition travelled along the Northern coast from Upernavik to Cape York near Qaanaaq. During the journey Moltke became severely ill, and for a long period the ilness put his life in grave danger, eventually disabling him for life.